Carb cleaner and brake cleaner basically do the same job of cleaning off grease and grime so does it really matter when you use these two and where?
If you carry out a survey of car owners or auto mechanics on these two cleaners, we bet the response you’d get the most is that carb cleaner is used while working on a carburetor while the brake cleaner is used on every other part.
But the difference between these two is beyond just that. And in this post, we’ll be explaining the specific differences between a carb cleaner and a brake cleaner, and how it affects their usage.
Table of contents
- What is a Carb Cleaner?
- What is a Brake Cleaner?
- Carb Cleaner Vs Brake Cleaner – Chemical Ingredients
- Carb Vs Brake Cleaner – Reactions on Surfaces
- Other Differences Between Carb Cleaner and Brake Cleaner
- 1. Different Substances with Different Uses
- 2. Brake Cleaner is an Air-drying, Solvent-based Cleaner
- 3. Carburetor Cleaner is a Petroleum-based Cleaning Solvent
- 4. Carb Cleaner Doesn’t Contain Any Chlorinated Solvents As Brake Cleaner Does
- 5. Carburetor Cleaners are Sold in Pressurized Cans and are Usually Aerosols, while Brake Cleaners Usually Come in Non-pressurized Bottles or Cans
- 6. Carburetor Cleaner is Designed to be Used on Carburetors, while Brake Cleaner is Designed to be Used on Brakes
- 7. Carb Cleaners are Produced to Remove Heavy-duty Contaminants
- 8. Brake Cleaners are Not Safe with Neoprene, Vinyl, Rubber, Seals, and Gaskets
What is a Carb Cleaner?
Carburetor cleaner is a petroleum-based solvent that’s used to clean carburetors, fuel injectors, and throttle bodies. It removes carbon, gum, and varnish deposits that can build up inside the engine.
Carb cleaners are different from brake cleaners in their composition as well as how they’re applied: carburetor cleaners are made with petroleum distillates (petroleum-based solvents), while brake cleaners use an alcohol base. Carburetor cleaner also has less aggressive chemicals than brake fluid or other common automotive parts cleaners.
What is a Brake Cleaner?
A brake cleaner is a highly effective, solvent that removes oil, grease, and other contaminants from brake parts. It’s used to clean the rotors and calipers of your car’s brakes, as well as the pads themselves.
Brake cleaners also work on other parts of your vehicle’s braking system—including brake lines, wheel cylinders, and parking brake cables—and can even be used to clean exterior surfaces like wheels or tires.
Carb Cleaner Vs Brake Cleaner – Chemical Ingredients
A carb cleaner is made up of the following: Acetone, Heptane, Toluene, and Carbon Dioxide.
Heptane and Acetone are basically just solvents that aid in cleaning. Toluene is an aromatic chemical that is used to give the carb cleaner that paint thinner smell that lets anyone around know they need to stay away while it’s being used. The Carbon Dioxide acts as a propellant.
The significant difference in the chemical ingredients between a carb cleaner and a brake cleaner is the presence of Methanol in a brake cleaner.
Methanol is really bad for rubber. So if we consider what carburetor cleaning involves, you know we’d be talking about rubber gaskets and being able to seal the carburetor properly.
That said, when it comes to cleaning the carburetor, you should definitely stay away from trying to substitute a carb cleaner for a brake cleaner because the Methanol will cause those rubber seals to deteriorate and swell.
Carb Vs Brake Cleaner – Reactions on Surfaces
Due to the Methanol, brake cleaners evaporate a lot cleaner and leave a surface completely clean and clear.
On the other hand, the carb cleaner leaves a bit of a film on surfaces. This is good for carburetors and choke systems because that little bit of film will help to deflect some of those sticking particles in the carburetor to help it last and stay clean for a longer period.
Whenever we’re talking about carburetor components, we’re talking about the fuel that’s constantly being run through the carburetor interior and the gaskets.
To have that protective coating inside that carburetor where that fuel is continuously circulating is a good thing as it’ll deflect those particles and keep that junk from building within your carburetor.
Read: Service Brake Assist
Other Differences Between a Carb Cleaner and a Brake Cleaner
1. Different Substances with Different Uses
Carburetor cleaner and brake cleaner are two different substances with different uses. Carburetor cleaner is a petroleum-based solvent that effectively dissolves gum, carbon deposits, and oil in carburetors. It works by breaking down the bonds that hold these components together. Brake cleaner, on the other hand, is a chlorinated solvent used to clean brakes and other automotive parts.
2. Brake Cleaner is an Air-drying, Solvent-based Cleaner
Brake cleaner is an air-drying, solvent-based cleaner. Brake cleaners are often called “carbon removers” because they dissolve the carbon and brake dust that accumulates on your brake rotors, making them look new again!
However, some formulas contain chlorinated solvents that can be harmful to paint and plastic surfaces if not used carefully. It’s important to read the label before using these products so you know how they should be applied.
3. Carburetor Cleaner is a Petroleum-based Cleaning Solvent
Carb cleaners work by dissolving and removing deposits from the engine so that it can operate more efficiently. They’re an excellent tool for cleaning the inside of your carburetor, as well as other fuel-related components including jets and injectors.
4. Carb Cleaner Doesn’t Contain Any Chlorinated Solvents As Brake Cleaner Does
Carburetor cleaner is made up of non-chlorinated solvents that are safe to use around the house. You can rest assured that you won’t be accidentally inhaling harmful fumes or hurting the environment when you’re cleaning your carburetors.
On the other hand, brake cleaners contain chlorinated solvents like trichloroethylene (TCE). TCE is a known carcinogen and can cause severe effects on human health when used in high concentrations over an extended period of time.
Even if you aren’t using it frequently enough for long periods of time to cause cancer, TCEs are still harmful to human skin and should be handled with caution at all times.
5. Carburetor Cleaners are Sold in Pressurized Cans and are Usually Aerosols, while Brake Cleaners Usually Come in Non-pressurized Bottles or Cans
Carburetor cleaners are sold in pressurized cans and are usually aerosols, while brake cleaners usually come in non-pressurized bottles or cans. This can be confusing because the two products look so similar at first glance. Carburetor cleaners tend to be pressurized; brake cleaners typically aren’t.
6. Carburetor Cleaner is Designed to be Used on Carburetors, while Brake Cleaner is Designed to be Used on Brakes
Carburetor cleaners are generally safer than brake cleaners and will not harm the plastic or rubber components of your car’s engine.
7. Carb Cleaners are Produced to Remove Heavy-duty Contaminants
The main difference between brake cleaners and carburetor cleaners is that brake cleaners are made with different chemicals than carburetor cleaners.
Carburetor cleaners are meant to dissolve rust, dirt, and oil from a carburetor while also providing lubrication for the engine parts inside it. Brake cleaner is specifically meant to dissolve rust and dirt from a brake caliper while also removing oil deposits that could cause leaks in your brakes.
8. Brake Cleaners are Not Safe with Neoprene, Vinyl, Rubber, Seals, and Gaskets
Carburetor cleaners are non-corrosive and safe to use on vinyl, rubber, neoprene, and gaskets. This makes it a popular choice for cleaning fuel lines as well as the carburetor itself.
Brake cleaner has been known to damage these materials over time. While this may not be an issue with newer vehicles or those with synthetic components, many older cars have rubber hoses that can start to deteriorate over time if exposed to harsh chemicals like brake cleaner.
Cleaning The Carburetor
Read: EGR Delete
Carb cleaners are designed to remove dirt and grime from your car’s carburetor, while brake cleaners are designed to remove gunk from hard-to-reach places like brake drums and pads (and therefore contain stronger chemicals). Both of them perform different functions but they are as important to your car parts.
Ugo is a passionate car enthusiast with a Bachelor of Electrical and Electronics Engineering degree and hands-on experience in troubleshooting and fixing automobiles.
I combine my electrical and mechanical engineering knowledge with practical skills to address car-related issues.
My love for cars and dedication to educating others led to the creation of Fixandtroubleshoot.com!