What Does FP Mean on a License Plate?

“FP” is a special code on license plates in some states in the United States that stands for “Fleet Vehicle” or “Fleet License Plate.” Fleet vehicles are owned or leased by a business or government agency and used for official purposes, such as transportation of employees or equipment. In some states, fleet vehicles are required … Keep reading

How to Hollow Out a Catalytic Converter Without Removing It

Hollowing out a catalytic converter can help improve the performance of a car. This is mostly illegal because your catalytic converter will no longer effectively reduce harmful emissions when it’s hollowed out. However, if you live in a place where there are no vehicle emission laws in place, here are the steps on how you … Keep reading

Black Soot From Exhaust: Causes & Solutions

Black soot from the exhaust, also known as particulate matter or diesel exhaust, is a byproduct of the combustion of fossil fuels such as diesel and gasoline. It is a mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets, including black carbon. The combustion process is not always perfect, and some of the fuel may not burn … Keep reading

Catalytic Monitor Incomplete [Causes, Signs, & How to Fix]

What exactly does “catalytic monitor incomplete” mean? Well, think of it like a check-up for your catalytic converter. Your car’s onboard diagnostic (OBD) system is constantly monitoring the converter to make sure it’s working properly. But, if the OBD system can’t gather enough information to make a proper diagnosis, it’ll mark the catalytic monitor as … Keep reading

Side Effects of Bypassing Heater Core & Advantages

pros and cons of bypassing heater core

The heater core distributes hot coolant throughout the vehicle’s heating and cooling system. A heater core bypass is a common solution for older vehicles with malfunctioning heater cores. The purpose is to allow more air to flow through the radiator into the engine, making it run smoothly and efficiently. There are pros and cons of … Keep reading

EGR Delete – What Are The Pros And Cons?

EGR Delete

EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) delete is the process of removing the EGR valve in order to prevent unburned carbon from recirculating back into the engine. The EGR does not reduce engine performance like most people believe except the valve fails and gets stuck in the open position. If you blank or delete the EGR, this … Keep reading

Feathering The Accelerator – Meaning & Benefits

feathering the accelerator

Feathering the accelerator is a driving technique where you apply just a light amount of pressure to your throttle in order to achieve a particular speed balance for a smooth driving experience. Feathering is used when you want to maintain speed but you don’t want to use as much gas as you would otherwise be … Keep reading

How to Trick A Mass Air Flow Sensor – Step By Step

how to trick a mass air flow sensor

The mass air flow sensor (MAF) is one of the most important parts of your car’s engine management system. It measures how much air is coming into your engine and sends that information to your car’s computer to determine how much fuel it needs to inject into the cylinder. You might notice poor gas mileage … Keep reading