If you’re a Nissan Altima owner, you’re probably familiar with the dreaded TPMS (Tire Pressure Monitoring System) error.
This warning can be a real pain, as it not only alerts you to a potential problem but can also affect your fuel efficiency and safety on the road.
In this post, we’re going to take a deep dive into the world of TPMS errors in the Nissan Altima.
We’ll explain the common causes of this error, and also provide you with some easy solutions to fix it. Whether you’re a seasoned mechanic or a new car owner, this post will give you the knowledge and tools you need to keep your Altima running smoothly.
So, let’s get started and put an end to those pesky TPMS errors once and for all!
Table of contents
- Symptoms of a TPMS Error
- What Causes a TPMS Error on a Nissan Altima?
- How to Fix a TPMS Error on a Nissan Altima
- How to Prevent Future TPMS Errors
Symptoms of a TPMS Error
TPMS Warning Light on Dashboard
When the TPMS warning light comes on, it means that the system has detected a problem with the tire pressure in one or more of your tires and that the pressure needs to be checked and adjusted as soon as possible.
It’s important to note that the TPMS warning light may come on even if the tire pressure is only slightly below the recommended level. This is because the system is designed to alert the driver as soon as there is a potential safety concern, even if the pressure is only slightly low.
It’s also worth mentioning that some vehicles may also give an audio warning when the TPMS warning light comes on.
It’s important to check the tire pressure and adjust it to the proper level as soon as possible when the warning light comes on, and also to have the vehicle inspected early to determine the cause of the issue and to prevent further damage and ensure safe driving.
What Causes a TPMS Error on a Nissan Altima?
1. Low/High Tire Pressure
Low tire pressure can cause a TPMS error on a Nissan Altima in several ways. The primary cause is that under-inflated tires can lead to a decrease in the vehicle’s handling, braking, and fuel efficiency.
Additionally, low tire pressure can cause increased tire wear and tear, potentially leading to a blowout or other tire failure.
When the pressure in one or more of your tires is too low, the TPMS sensor inside the tire sends a signal to the control module, which then illuminates the warning light on the dashboard.
The TPMS system is calibrated to alert the driver when the tire pressure drops 25% or more below the recommended pressure level.
On the other hand, High tire pressure can also cause a TPMS error on a Nissan Altima. Over-inflated tires can lead to a decrease in traction, stability, and handling.
It can also cause the center of the tire to wear out more quickly, leading to uneven wear and a shorter tire life.
Just like low tire pressure, when one or more of your tires is over-inflated, the TPMS sensor inside the tire sends a signal to the control module, which then illuminates the warning light on the dashboard.
2. Faulty Sensors
Faulty sensors are one of the common causes of a TPMS error on a Nissan Altima. The sensors, which are located in the valve stem of each tire, are responsible for measuring the tire pressure and sending a signal to the control module.
- A sensor can malfunction or become damaged in a number of ways. Some of the common causes of faulty sensors are:
- Battery failure: The sensors are powered by batteries, and over time, these batteries can fail, causing the sensor to stop working.
- Water damage: If the sensor becomes submerged in water, it can become damaged and stop working.
- Physical damage: The sensors can be damaged by impact or debris, causing them to malfunction.
- Corrosion: The sensors can also become corroded over time, causing them to malfunction.
When a sensor is faulty, it will not be able to accurately measure the tire pressure and will trigger a warning light. The driver may experience the warning light on the dashboard even if the tire pressure is at the proper level.
3. Malfunctioning TPMS Control Module
A malfunctioning TPMS control module can also cause a TPMS error on a Nissan Altima. The control module is the central component of the TPMS system and is responsible for receiving signals from the sensors and displaying the information on the dashboard.
A malfunctioning control module can occur due to a number of reasons such as:
- Electrical issues: The control module may become damaged due to a power surge, short circuit, or other electrical problem.
- Software issues: The control module may have a software problem, which can cause it to malfunction.
- Physical damage: The control module may become damaged due to impact or other physical damage.
- Age: Over time, the control module may wear out and stop working properly
When the control module is malfunctioning, it may not receive signals correctly from the sensors, or it may display incorrect information on the dashboard. This can cause the TPMS warning light to illuminate, even when the tire pressure is at the proper level.
How to Fix a TPMS Error on a Nissan Altima
1. Fix Low or High Tire Pressure Issues
Fixing low or high tire pressure on a Nissan Altima is a relatively simple process. To begin, locate the recommended tire pressure for your vehicle. This can typically be found on a sticker located on the driver’s side door jamb or in the owner’s manual.
Next, use a tire pressure gauge to check the pressure in each tire. It’s important to check the pressure in all four tires, including the spare if your vehicle has one.
If the tire pressure is low, inflate the tires to the recommended pressure level using an air compressor or a manual pump.
If the tire pressure is high, release air from the tires using the valve stem until the pressure reaches the recommended level.
After adjusting the tire pressure, check to see if the TPMS warning light on the dashboard is still illuminated. If the light is still on, it may be an indication of a sensor or control module malfunction, and a professional mechanic should be consulted.
2. Fix a Faulty Sensor
The first step to fixing the issue is to diagnose which sensor is malfunctioning. This can be done by using a diagnostic tool that can communicate with the TPMS control module. You will be able to determine which sensor is not working properly by reading diagnostic trouble codes.
Once the malfunctioning sensor has been identified, it will need to be replaced. Remove the faulty sensor from the valve stem of the tire and replace it with a new one.
It is important to use sensors that are compatible with the vehicle’s make and model to ensure proper function.
After the new sensor has been installed, use the diagnostic tool to recalibrate the system and ensure that it is properly communicating with the new sensor.
Note that, if one sensor is malfunctioning, it may cause a warning light on the dashboard, even if the other tires have the correct pressure. In this case, it is necessary to have the faulty sensor replaced in order to clear the warning light and ensure the proper function of the TPMS system.
Also, keep in mind that the sensors have a battery inside, so it’s important to check the battery life and replace it when needed, to ensure the proper function of the sensor.
3. Repair or Replace Malfunctioning TPMS Control Module
The first thing you need to do when you want to fix a malfunctioning TPMS control module is to diagnose the problem with the control module.
This can be done by using a diagnostic tool that can communicate with the module, and read diagnostic trouble codes to identify the problem.
Once the problem with the control module has been identified, you can then determine whether the control module needs to be repaired or replaced.
If the problem is a software issue, a reprogramming of the control module may be required. If the problem is physical damage or an electrical issue, the control module will need to be replaced.
After the control module has been repaired or replaced, use the diagnostic tool to recalibrate the system and ensure that it is communicating properly with the other components of the TPMS system.
It’s important to address a malfunctioning TPMS control module as soon as possible, as it can lead to inaccurate monitoring of tire pressure and can compromise the safety of the vehicle.
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How to Prevent Future TPMS Errors
1. Regularly Check Your Tire Pressure
One of the most important ways to prevent future TPMS errors is by regularly checking the tire pressure. It is recommended to check the tire pressure at least once a month and before long trips.
This will help ensure that the tire pressure is at the proper level and will help prevent future TPMS errors.
2. Have Your Sensors and TPMS Control Module Inspected and Serviced Periodically
Regularly having the sensors and TPMS control module inspected and serviced as needed can help prevent future TPMS errors.
A professional mechanic can use a diagnostic tool to check the sensors and control module for any defects or malfunctions and replace or repair them as needed.
3. Follow Your Vehicle’s Maintenance Schedule
Following the vehicle’s maintenance schedule and taking the vehicle in for regular check-ups can also help prevent future TPMS errors. This can help ensure that the TPMS system is functioning properly and that any potential issues are caught early on.
4. Keep an Eye on the TPMS Warning Light
Keeping an eye out for the TPMS warning light and addressing any issues as soon as they arise can also help prevent future TPMS errors.
Can I Drive My Car With The TPMS Warning Light on?
It is not recommended to drive a vehicle with the TPMS light on, as it indicates a problem with the tire pressure and can compromise the safety of the vehicle.
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A TPMS error on your Nissan Altima can be a frustrating issue to deal with, but it is important to address it as soon as possible.
The TPMS system is crucial for maintaining the safety and efficiency of your vehicle, and neglecting a TPMS error could result in costly repairs down the road.
If you suspect that your Nissan Altima is experiencing a TPMS error, it is important to have it checked out by a professional.
Remember to regularly check your tire pressure and keep an eye out for any warning signs, such as a dashboard indicator, to ensure that your TPMS system is working properly.
By taking the necessary steps to address a TPMS error on your Nissan Altima, you can ensure that your vehicle is running at its best whilst keeping yourself and your passengers safe on the road.
Ugo is a passionate car enthusiast with a Bachelor of Electrical and Electronics Engineering degree and hands-on experience in troubleshooting and fixing automobiles.
I combine my electrical and mechanical engineering knowledge with practical skills to address car-related issues.
My love for cars and dedication to educating others led to the creation of Fixandtroubleshoot.com!